Protac – Sensory fidgeting

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Research study from the University of Souther Denmark, show that the Protac Ball Blanket significantly improves sleep for children with ADHD

A 2010 research project by the University of Southern Denmark has shown that the Ball Blanket significantly improved sleep for 21 ADHD children aged 8-13 years, and also improved their ability to concentrate at school. The University of Southern Denmark study was recently published in the international “Nordic Journal of Psychiatry”.

 The two researchers responsible for the study, Professor of Child Psychiatry, Niels Bilenberg from Odense University Hospital and Child Psychiatrist, Allan Hvolby, from the Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Ward in Esbjerg, Denmark, concluded that the Ball Blanket is a relevant and effective aid to minimising the time it takes for ADHD children to fall asleep. During the period when the children slept using the Ball Blanket, the time taken to fall asleep was reduced by 40%, bringing them in line with the children in the control group who did not suffer from ADHD. Children with ADHD find it easier to fall asleep, and sleep better during the night, if they are lying under a Ball Blanket. They also find it easier to maintain concentration at school. These are some of the conclusions drawn by researchers from the University of Southern Denmark following a very recent study.
 Study of Ball Blanket at the University of Southern Denmark (August 2006).
Birgitte Søe Jensen, OT. Pernille Worm Pasquali, FT.

English Abstract
An interventional study of effect from use of ball blankets by 2-12 year old children with disturbances in the area of sensory integration calculated on reports from their parents.

Birgitte Søe Jensen og Pernille Worm Pasquali: Interventionsundersøgelse af effekt ved brug af kugledyner hos 2-12 årige børn med SI-problemer.

The aim of this study is to assess if ball blankets effect disturbances in sleeping, concentration and attention, plus affect agitation, spirits and over-reacting sensory systems among children having disturbances of sensory integration. The objective is to contribute in establishing a more qualitative foundation for granting ball blankets from the assistive technology departments in the municipalities.

Theory
The theories of sensory integration by Ayres and Bundy et Miller are used for elaborating the questionnaires of the study and for expounding the findings. These theories are rooted in following assumptions: The central nervous system is plastic, sensory integration is developed as the foundation for more complex behavior, the brain works as an integrated unified whole, patterns of interaction determines adaptation of sensory integration and of human beings having an internal drive for developing sensory integration through sensorymotor activities.

Study design
The research is a quantitative, non-controlled and non-randomized prospective intervention study, where a group of children having SI-disturbances were followed for three months. A questionnaire was used for data collection. It had 22 questions distributed in 6 sections of focus.

Study population
The study included 37 children from 2-12 years old, living in Storstrøms Amt. From their G.P they were referred to the out patient consultation for children at Storstrømmens Sygehus Nykøbing Falster, DK.

Findings
In general the ball blanket has most effect on sleeping disturbances (64 %). Around 40 % of the children experience effect on spirits and over-reacting sensory systems. Around a third of the children have effect on concentration and agitation whereas only one fifth of the children have effect on attention disturbances.

Conclusion
It is highlighted and described for each group of focus the disturbances, which show the highest effect. Effect above 35 % is chosen as a sufficient effect. The highest effect is seen in the group of sleeping problems, as 2/3 of the children, who have sleeping difficulties also have effect of using the ball blanket. In the rest of the groups for focus an effect is achieved between 1/5 and 2/5 among the children who have disturbances. The study shows that about half of the children having late prematurely sequelae have effect of using the ball blanket and almost 40 % of children with C P and psychomotor diagnoses have effect. Almost 30 % of children having activity disturbances and psychomotor retardation also have effect of the ball blanket.


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Protac – Documentation.

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